5 Typical child illnesses in Malaysia
Children are unable to take care of themselves. That’s an obvious fact. So it is the responsibility of their parents to pay close attention to their child’s health. If a child is ill, pediatricians are available at clinics, such Hibari clinic, a Mont Kiara children’s clinic, and provide consultations, and treatments for infants, children and adolescents.
Young children are the most susceptible to illnesses because their immune systems are still strengthening. This article describes common illnesses that children are most likely to contract.
HFMD (Hand, Foot and mouth disease)
The hand, foot and mouth disease is currently a widespread infection in Malaysia and it is most common in childhood. It is caused by viruses that fall under the Enterovirus such as polioviruses, echoviruses, and other enteroviruses. It is transmitted through close contact with an infected person or close contact with an infected object. Early symptoms would include fevers, decreased appetite, or sore throats. You would also notice sores appearing in the mouth, and rashes on the soles of the feet and the palm of the hands.
It is advisable to see medical attention if you or your child is experiencing these symptoms. If you reside in Kuala Lumpur, then a recommended clinic to visit is the Mont Kiara clinic, Hibari clinic.
Chickenpox, also known as varicella, is a contagious infection caused by the varicella-zoster virus.
Symptoms of the virus would include fever, aching muscles, loss of appetite, nausea and the appearance of itchy spots or ‘rash’ all over the body. The virus is usually mild in children and would disappear within 1-2 weeks. It is not a life-threatening infection, however, a complication may arise when teens and adults get it.
Coughs and colds
Common colds and coughs are normally mild infections. Symptoms of this would include stuffed or runny noses, sore throats, coughs with green or yellow flem, or even fevers. If the cold prolongs to more than 10 days, you should visit your neighborhood clinic.
Also known as the “pink eye”, conjunctivitis is a contagious infection that is caused as a result of bacteria. Symptoms would include itchy eyes, watery eyes, red sclera or blurry vision.
This is caused by a bacterial infection that causes the middle ear to swell up. Children are most likely to get infected. There are three types of ear infections. The first is Acute otitis media, which happens more frequently. It causes inflammation of the middle ear and traps fluid in the eardrum. It may also cause fevers.
The other two types of ear infections are Otitis media with effusion and chronic otitis media with effusion. The former is harder to detect as symptoms are unlikely to show. The latter occurs when fluid remains in the middle ear for a long period. This can affect a child’s hearing. Ear infections can be very painful, so if symptoms last longer than four days, parents should take their child to a clinic.